About pigmentation loss and treatments
Vitiligo results in the death of melanocytes, resulting in “patches” of pale or colourless skin. Vitiligo is understood to be a a skin condition in which ares of the skin can lose their color. The total area of skin that can be affected by vitiligo varies between individuals. Vitiligo can also affect the eyes, the inside of mouth, and hair. In most cases, the affected areas remain discolored for entirety of a person’s life. Vitiligo increases photosensitivity in the affected areas. This means that the areas that are affected will be more sensitive to sunlight than those that are not. It is not possible to predict whether the colourless patches will spread, or by how much they may spread. The spreading may take place over shorter durations as in weeks, or the patches might remain stable for months or years. The patches can be more noticeable in those with darker skin.
What Is Vitiligo?
Vitiligo is a skin condition in which the skin loses pigment cells, resulting in discoloured patches on your entire body, including the skin, hair, retina, and mucous membranes. Vitiligo affects approximately between 0.5 and 2 percent of people around the world. Vitiligo Quick Facts Here are some important points about vitiligo. Vitiligo can affect people of any age, gender, or ethnicity. There is no cure or way to prevent it, and it is usually a lifelong skin condition. The exact cause is unknown, but it may be related to an autoimmune disorder or a virus. While it may be related to a virus, Vitiligo itself not contagious. Treatment options may include exposure to UVA or UVB light and depigmentation of the skin in severe cases.
What Causes Vitiligo?
Melanin is the pigment that gives the skin its characteristic color. Vitiligo is caused by a loss of pigment in the skin, due to destruction of pigment-forming cells known as melanocytes. Although vitiligo affects all races equally, it is more noticeable in dark-skinned people. Vitiligo can cause cosmetic problems.
Is Vitiligo Dangerous?
No. Vitiligo is neither fatal nor is it life-threatening. There exists however a social stigma that results in lowered self-esteem among those with the skin condition. Those experiencing any symptoms of depression or anxiety in connection with their Vitiligo should seek out the assistance of their physician and other support resources.
How fast does Vitiligo spread?
Segmental vitiligo localizes to one part of the body and does not spread. Non-segmental vitiligo usually spreads. For some people, the white patches spread very slowly, in some instances over a period of several years, while for others, they spread very quickly. For some people, the patches do not spread at all.
Where does Vitiligo usually start?
Vitiligo can affect any area of skin, but most commonly occurs on the face, neck and hands, and in skin creases.
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